Sho became Director of OMA*AMO New York in 2006, and a Partner in 2008. Under his direction, the New York office has begun construction on Paul Milstein Hall, an extension to the College of Architecture, Art and Planning at Cornell University, as well as completed design commissions for Torre Bicentario in Mexico City- the tallest tower in Latin America and 23 East 22nd Street, a residential tower with a Creative Artists Agency (CAA) Screening Room.
Most recently, the New York office designed the award winning entry for the Musée national des beaux-arts du Quebec, OMA’s first building in Canada. During his time at OMA, Shohei Shigematsu has acted as lead architect for many projects in various phases including the Whitney Museum Extension in New York (2001). Having lead the team that won the design competition in 2002, he served as project architect for the CCTV (China Central Television) Headquarters in Beijing until the end of design development. Sho also directed OMA’s winning competition entry for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SSE) Headquarters in Shenzhen, China (2006), which is expected to complete construction in 2011.
Mr. Shigematsu also designed the world-traveling exhibition “Waist Down,” featuring more than a hundred skirts designed by Miuccia Prada. The exhibition was first launched in Tokyo (2003), and has since appeared in Shanghai (2004), New York and Los Angeles (2005). Mr. Shigematsu graduated in 1995 from the Dept.of Architecture at Kyushu University, Fukuoka. After studying at the Berlage Institute Amsterdam (Postgraduate Laboratory), he joined the Office for Metropolitan Architecture in 1998. He is a visiting critic for Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cornell University, College of Architecture, Art and Planning and for Kyoto University of Art and Design.
THE GROUND PLANE
The Zagreb Society of Architects is launching the first of four architectural competitions for this year’s Think Space cycle. For this year’s annual cycle, the main theme connecting all four competitions is Borders.
Devised by OMA New York Director, Shohei Shigematsu, the first competition challenges architects and designers to rethink one of the most fundamental borders - the ground plane.
Traditional notions of above and below ground are changing.
Issues of sustainability, preservation, urbanization and infrastructure are all shaping the ground plane today.
Green roofs activate a sustainable, rooftop urbanism.
Excavated volumes provide access and preserve historic sites.
Retail plinths and sky lobbies multiply the urban ground within mixed-use developments.
Transportation platforms are elevated and excavated to create highway and subway systems.
Climate-controlled underground corridors and sky bridges provide shelter from extreme weather.
How can we further manipulate and multiply the ground plane to develop the masterplan into the mastersection?
In the past, sci-fi films have imagined the future of the ground plane through floating cities and subterranean civilizations. This competition is an open call for entries that similarly redefine this flexible border with program above and below. Intentionally undefined, the scale and typology of entries may range from high rises to vertical masterplanning.
Address larger issues surrounding the future of the ground plane
|Choice of Site||
Address the significance of your site
Address the Programmatic Needs of Surrounding Site and Users
Address the implications for building above ground versus building below ground in your design
Address larger issues of air quality as well as the reuse of
All Submissions should be made digitally. Submissions formats include (a) one A2 sized board (landscape oriented) or (b) a bound research booklet. Submissions should also include a site section, plan, and rendering. Please include text that describes the project and clearly defines the questions that your project addresses and the approach that your project takes towards the ground as an urban border.
Think Space / Borders 01 / Urban Borders
Guest curator's comment
"...It could have happened, New York 1978, two Europeans in an elevator. Manfredo Tafuri enters the elevator of the Downtown Athletic Club. On the corner of the elevator number thirteen, Rem koolhaus, as Tafuri would refer to him, is writing in a notebook. We are in the typology of exception; indeed we are; the door closes. ..."
Thirty three years later, the jury session for the Urban borders competition, held on the 13th floor of OMA’s Varick office in the midst of New York offered middle ground views of a city that grow not by questioning its horizontal limits or frontiers but its vertical boundaries.
The Urban borders competition sought to identify new typologies that address the contemporary forces within cities throughout the world. Shohei and I sat down exploring the submissions with almost no preliminary discussion, as if the city outside the windows, the projects, or architecture, were the silent omnipresent languages of conversation.
After few hours, two sheets of paper highlighted the projects we considered were worth of discussion. The coincidences were astonishingly surprising. The discussion of how to organize the prizes and mentions lasted minutes.
The three winning entries represent three spaces of inquiry and each project offers a new typology for three different conditions: De/Motown offers a new typology of urban condensers for shrinking cities by looking into the urban and social conditions of Detroit, 6th Avenue and 90 Degrees Street offers a fast and immediate methodological approach towards architectural invention by questioning canonical ways of thinking and looking into the city and RUBBLE offers a new monumentality by looking into the peripheries of cities, the leftovers of society, garbage, as new central elements in the collective consciousness and landscape of the city creating an ethical-urban exercise.
The winning entries and mentions exemplify with a high degree of visionarism and playfulness how architecture can find new modes of thinking and acting within the built environment by reading thoroughly into the city and by exploring larger questions within architectural practices in relation to contemporary social issues, addressing pressing challenges in cultural, political, technological or ecological realms.
- Eva Franch i Gilabert
For this first competition brief, we focused on a very fundamental border- the ground plane- as a platform to explore larger social, economical, preservation and sustainable issues. The diverse interpretations of the brief ranged from high rises to floating cities, proposing a wide array of inventive ground plane manipulations. I’m happy to say that we received entries from around the world, with proposed sited spanning the globe (and beyond).
Due to their level of complexity, Eva and I gravitated towards projects that dealt with an urban scale, rather an architectural scale, awarding the inaugural prizes to proposals that exhibited a clear and consistent narrative.
- Shohei Shigematsu
Demotown: A Retroactive Arcology for Detroit
Author: Jesse Foster Honsa, Switzerland
Coauthor: Gregory John Mahoney, United States
We awarded first prize to the De/Motown proposal for its thoughtfulness in exploring aspect on multiple domains, from the scale of the urban domain to the architectural. De/Motown projects a vision for Detroit with adaptive re-use strategies that utilize the industrial city's existing production facilities. The proposal also suggests two topics that are of personal interest to me: post-crisis architecture and thinning.
The design stacks the enclosed shopping malls, production factories, suburban sprawl, and farming landscapes of Detroit into a series of towers connected by public viaducts at multiple levels. As a result of this ground manipulation, the project provides numerous opportunities for public and recreation space. The renderings were beautiful and suggestive, though they perhaps drew too heavily on glamorized depictions of derelict future cities prevalent in many Hollywood films today. Clear sections, axos and diagrams illustrated sectional diversity and the viaduct circulation strategy.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the authors:
Jesse Honsa is an American architect, currently working in Istanbul as an urban designer and architect at DB Architects. A global cross-pollinator, he has previously worked with AGPS architecture/Rutz Architekten in Zurich, and travelled extensively in the Indonesian Archipelago on a grant to study spatial tectonics. While in Zurich he co-founded Foreign Architects Switzerland, an architectural/political "zine", and recently took part in "Faith in the City," a symposium at the Architecture Foundation of London. He is also an avid musician.
Greg Mahoney’s work in all media focuses on the urban habitat. He began his filmmaking practice at Harvard University, where redefining city environments and exploring architecture as a reflection of human psychology were the subjects of his short films. He is currently finishing Saints of the Old City, a feature-length narrative film depicting exiled visionaries struggling to re-invoke the spirit of Utopia in the ruins of a 21st century post-industrial American city. Shot entirely on location in abandoned spaces, with context-altering installations, sculptural costumes, and densely layered animations, the film creates a rich visual language that gives voice to the past histories and potential futures that influence us all as we navigate the urban landscape. Mahoney has received grants from the Brockton Cultural Council and Harvard College Research Program. He currently teaches filmmaking at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Greg Mahoney and Jesse Honsa are both from Brockton, Massachusetts, a defunct industrial city south of Boston. They have collaborated on several projects, including Outpost Gallery, a multidisciplinary exhibition and performance context that inhabited disused commercial space. They share a common interest in utopian visions: Brockton was a unique experimental ground for many infrastructural innovations in the 19th and early 20th century.
6th AVENUE and 90 DEGREES STREET, NY-NY
Author: Kyriakos Kyriakou, Greece
Coauthor: Sofia Krimizi, Greece
We awarded second place to this proposal for its clarity and simplicity. The proposal multiplies and elevates a generic urban block in midtown Manhattan with a simple 90 degree rotation.
I did sense a certain naiveté to the project, which failed to exploit the unique opportunity for programmatic diversity in the high-rise typology. The proposal could have benefitted from reading Delirious New York, in which Rem Koolhaas analyzes the Downtown Athletic Club to illustrate how multiple worlds can exist independently in a hermitically sealed tower.
In terms of technical strength, I applaud the considerations of horizontal zoning in New York and lighting exposure illustrated in the diagrams.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the authors:
Originally from Athens, Sofia Krimizi is an architect and co-founder of ksestudio.
She earned her graduate degree in Architecture and Engineering from the School of Architecture of the National Technical University of Athens in 2008 with honors. She followed the Master II program in Ecole National Supérieure d’ Architecture de Paris La Villette (UP6) under the Erasmus program, were she prepared her undergraduate dissertation on the Benjaminian understanding of space and time in the Parisian subway. Sofia, under the 2009 Fulbright scholarship, earned a post professional masters degree in Advanced Architectural Design from the Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation in Columbia University of New York, where she received the Honor Award for Excellence in Design, the William Kinne Travel Grant and the AAD Exit Lectures Series Award.
Sofia has worked as an architect and designer in Athens, Paris and New York at GR405 architects, Ateliers Jean Nouvel and Steven Holl architects among other practices. While studying at the GSAPP she was a teaching assistant in Barnard College of Columbia University alongside the professors Kadambari Baxi and Nicole Robertson. In collaboration with Kyriakos Kyriakou she won the first prize in the competition for the redesigning of the Entrance of the city of Ancient Olympia in Peloponnese. Her work has been published at the Technical Architectural Issues of the Institute of Architects in Greece, the Funambulist and exhibited at the Benaki Museum of contemporary art in Athens.
Apart from her participation in ksestudio Sofia is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor at Pratt Institute and also the editor of the first Planetary ONE publication.
Kyriakos Kyriakou is a Greek architect, co-founder of ksestudio.
He earned his graduate degree in Architecture and Engineering from the School of Architecture of the National Technical University of Athens in 2008. He has also studied at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris La Villette (UP6) under the Erasmus program, where he prepared his undergraduate dissertation on the notion of Thresholds. Kyriakos, under the 2009 Varangis honor scholarship, earned a post-professional degree in Advanced Architectural Design form the Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation of Columbia University in New York, while receiving the William Kinne Travel Grant.
Kyriakos has worked as an architect and designer in Athens- Greece, in Paris- France and New York - USA at 72+ architects, Babalou- Noukakis architects, Ateliers SOA (Pierre Sartoux - Augustin Rosenstiel), 5H architects and Propylea Architecture among others. In collaboration with Sofia Krimizi he won the first prize in the competition for the redesigning of the Entrance of the city of Ancient Olympia in Peloponnese. His work has been published at the Technical Architectural Issues of the Institute of Architects in Greece and exhibited at the Benaki Museum of contemporary art in Athens.
Apart from his participation in ksestudio, Kyriakos holds a design architect position at ODA in New York investigating the design limitations applied by the New York developer market. Meanwhile he is involved in teaching a first year undergraduate studio at Pratt Institute as a co-teacher with ksestudio’s counterweight, Sofia Krimizi.
Ksestudio is a newly and retroactively founded 2-point thinking platform interested in urban phenomena.
Ksestudio has existed in Athens, Paris and New York city.
Ksestudio’s members have the ability to function both individually and collectively (as two and as one). When together they apply a pink pong methodology, while thinking is approached through acting and acting through thinking.
Ksestudio is interested in the operational manual of things including a variety of topics from cooking recipes to architectural manifestos.
The techniques applied by ksestudio oscillate between extremely precise computational procedures to rough handcrafted operations.
Ksestudio's scope is the continuous pursuit of anomalies that provide distorted multi-scaled realities in the urban space.
RUBBLE TOPOGRAPHIES (*OR MOUNT FUJI 2.0
Author: David Jimenez Iniesta, Spain
Coauthor: Javier Jimenez Iniesta, Spain
We wanted to recognize this project’s strong imagery and its response to fast-paced development. The proposal utilizes land reclamation to program construction waste as open public spaces. While the design successfully proposes open public space above the ground plane, I was also looking for explorations of how the city could inhabit the mounds as well, manipulating the border in more than one direction.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the authors:
David Jiménez Iniesta
Born in Albacete (Spain) in 1987
He starts studying architecture at the University of Alicante since 2005 until now. He is continuing his studies in an abroad scholarship in the Faculty of Architecture of Technical University of Lisbon.
Since 2008 combines his studies with collaborations with practices of Alicante and Murcia, such as Arquitecturas Torres Nadal, Adhoc-msl, Antonio Abellán, Mucha!, Magicarch among others; and also parcipates in workshops led by renowned national architects such as Andres Jaque, Grupo Aranea, Estudio FAM, Toki Arquitecturas, PLAY studio, Hackictectura… workshops wich are widely published in national architectures magazines.
Has been awarded in national student contests such as University of Alicante’s tram station contest and Marjal group sustainable housing competition.
Since his first year in the university his work is specialized in developing data cartographies trying to redefine new relations between politics, sustainability and architecture.
Javier Jiménez Iniesta
Born in Albacete (Spain) in 1978.
He studies architecture at the University of Alicante, where he graduates with honors in 2007.
His degree project is awarded in several national and international contests, among which include Pasajes-Iguzzini Awards of Architecture Projects, Veteco Asefave Awards and the selection in X Architecture Spanish Bienal.
He wins in 2006 a Scholarship from Arquia Foundation to work in Carme Pinós Studio in Barcelona.
He establishes Mucha! in 2008 as an elastic tank working the links between research and professional practice. He begins an experience based on collaborative work relating to different professional network. This platform allows him to establish partnerships with different practices such as Javier Pena, Alfredo Payá, Manuel Ocana, ZuloArk, Zyra02, NUGarch, Tat Bonvehí... and from 2009 intensely with BailoRull. With all of them he works on developing various commissions and contests, winning some prizes, and always with a high degree of experimentation, in order to explore new boundaries of what he (try to) do in architecture and beyond it.
From 2003 he has taught as assistant professor and lecturer in different schools in Europe as University of Alicante, Scuola di Architettura di Venezia, International University of Cataluna… He has also been invited in workshops and juries. His work has been widely published in national and international specialized magazines.
The Web and the Urban Ground:
Author: Svetlan Valev, United States
As one of the only projects to address the virtual implications of the ground plane, this project succeeded as a provocative starting point. While the conceptual implications of this project are strong, the outcome of the project lacks a clear vision for how the natural and virtual landscapes can coexist.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the author:
Born in Bulgaria, Svetlan Valev received his Masters in Architecture from Arizona State University in 2007. While at school, he developed an interest for urban tactics that allow groups that fall outside of the formal planning process to engage the city in a type of individual and community-led urban participation.
During the fall of 2006, Svetlan participated in a graduate research studio with Teddy Cruz and Enrique Martin-Moreno that looked at the issue of informal urban developments in cities around the world. The work explored strategies for mapping the economic, social and physical factors acting upon a particular place as a way of exploiting those relationships. His graduate thesis, The Structure of the Past and the Freedom of the Future, addressed the conflict created by an urban library as both an institutions devoted to recording the multiple lived histories of the area and also being a type of large institutional building that has in previous redevelopment efforts devastated the city by ignoring local historic processes.
Initiated as a topic while teaching a senior urban design studio in 2009, Svetlan's current work revolves around the nature of community in context of the proliferation of personalized digital technology.
No Gravity No Ground:
Author: Ying-Yi Mao, Taiwan (Republic of China)
Coauthor: Cheng Yan Yang, Taiwan (Republic of China)
The imagery for this project presented a powerful vision for a future transportation hub, but the projects emphasis on infrastructure and reliance on technology limit the larger programmatic explorations. In addition to addressing traffic, I would have liked to see the project explore other urban issues like lack of public gathering space.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the authors:
Ying-Yi Mao is 20 years old and currently attending the architecture department of National Taipei University of Technology in Taiwan. He holds great enthusiasm and interest in architecture and loves the idea of building the living environment for the future and exploring its endless possibilities.
"I am honored to have the opportunity to participate in this competition. I am also happy that our efforts can be awarded."
Cheng-Yan Yang is 20 years of age and currently a junior in the architecture department of National Taipei University of Technology in Taiwan. Growing up in a single parent family has fostered his unconformative thinking and his tendencies to challenge tradition, which attributed to their audacious proposal in this competition. Inherited from his mother (an artist), he keeps himself open minded and curious about things surrounding him. It is through such exploration, that he finds the joy of design and architecture.
"I find the open-mindedness of this competition invaluable and attracted very creative works and thoughts."
Author Neimark, Anna , United States )
Coauthors Atwood, Andrew , United States
This proposal used striking models, renderings and plans to illustrate a flipped urban block. Because the intention of the project was to liberate the ground floor, the project could have benefited from a better exploration of the possibilities for the newfound ground plane.
- Shohei Shigematsu
About the authors:
Anna Neimark teaches at the USC School of Architecture in Los Angeles, CA. She has received numerous honors, including the USC Advancing Scholarship in the Humanities and Social Sciences, the GSD Harvard Appleton Traveling Fellowship, the Soros Fellowship for New Americans, and the Undergraduate Thesis Prize at the Princeton School of Architecture. She has worked in architecture offices in Rotterdam, New York, and Los Angeles.
Andrew Atwood is an adjunct assistant professor at the USC [University of Southern California] School of Architecture where he teaches undergraduate and graduate level studios in addition to graduate level seminars focusing on the intersection between technology, media and type in architecture. He graduated from the Harvard University GSD [Graduate School of Design] in 2007. Before founding ATWOOD-A in 2009, he worked in the offices of MOS in New Haven, CT and Belzberg Architects in Santa Monica, CA.